"Newspaper editors are men who separate the wheat from the chaff, and then print the chaff."
According to the Los Alamos National Laboratory website, there were a total of 1054 U.S.
bomb test between 1945 and1992. There were 317 atmospheric tests, ending with the treaty
in 1963. That means there were 737 underground tests, ending with the treaty in 1992. We
estimate that nine states (U.S., Russia, France ,England, China, India, Pakistan, North
Korea and Israel) possess 27,000 intact nuclear warheads, which 97 percent are in U.S.
and Russian stockpiles.
Nuclear stockpiles are becoming more opaque and difficult to describe with precision. It's
a situation that will only worsen after 2009 if the United States and Russia do not extend
the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty I, which requires biannual reporting on the status of
intercontinental ballistic missiles, submarine-launched ballistics missiles (SLBMs), and
The future. All five original nuclear weapons states (US. , Russia, France, England, China)
continue to insist that nuclear weapons are essential to their national security, which
translates into substantial global nuclear weapon stockpiles for the foreseeable future
and the possibility that more nation will want the bomb as well?Despite nuclear weapons
state progress in reducing global stockpiles, convincing nations to abandon their nuclear
arsenals altogether remain impossible until the nuclear powers themselves renounce their
2006 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
By Robert S. Norris and Hans M. Kristensen
Photo by Sue Longbottom
In April 2008, Darius and Rebecca (above), son and daughter of Gerald Holtom commemorate the
50th Anniversary of the historic 52 mile march from London to Aldermaston's Nuclear Weaspons
Research faciltiy. At the event, thousands had also gathered to protest the facility and
England's massive new investment in nuclear weapons and its pro-nuclear campaign.
At the event, thousands gathered to protest the facility and England's massive new
investments in nuclear weapons testing and its pro-nuclear campaign.
On February 16, 2003 my wife Janice and I ( along with two hundred thousand peace marchers)
gathered in San Francisco, California to demonstrate a desire for peace. This woman (who
had lived through numerous wars) had hopes of influencing President George W. Bush and
Congress not to go to war. One month later , on March 20, 2003 the United States invaded